2018 Changes to the MOT: What You Need to Know
On 20th May 2018 the MOT system is changing, with new regulations for Vehicles of Historical Interest (VHIs) over 40 years old. This article is intended to highlight those changes, clarify what action needs to be taken by owners, and show where additional information can be found.
One of the biggest changes for classic vehicle owners is that VHIs over 40 years old may be exempt from annual MOT testing, as long as they have not been ‘substantially changed’ in the past 30 years. Critically, the exemption will not be automatic, even for cars already exempt (pre-1960) and those registered in the Historic Vehicles tax class. Owners must therefore declare an exemption every time they tax a VHI; details of how to do this are below.
What constitutes ‘substantial change’?
To qualify for an exemption to MOT testing, the VHI must not have been ‘substantially changed’ in the past 30 years, in a major component area of chassis, axles & running gear, or engine. More information is here, but in general if the changes have been made to improve safety, are using replacement parts of the same design as original, or using the same basic engine design, then these are not considered substantial. Therefore, the following examples would not be considered substantial:
However, the following examples would be considered substantial:
MGB re-bodied as a racing special.
Replacing Alfa Nord engine with an Alfa V6 Busso engine (different cylinder capacity)
Installing substantially different axle or suspension (Porsche on a VW, for example).
The responsibility for ensuring a declared VHI meets the criteria falls on the owner as part of his or her due diligence. If they are not sure of the status, owners are encouraged to speak to their respective owners’ clubs or find an expert through the FBHVC website.
What constitutes ‘40 years old’?
40 years from the day it was first registered. So, if a car was first registered on 31st May 1978, it could be exempt from 31st May 2018. This is a rolling date. Note that previously historic tax was from the date of manufacture, which could be significantly different.
How to claim for VHI Exemption
An owner must declare an exemption when renewing their vehicle tax. As before, if your classic is moving into the Historic Tax band, then the application must be made at a Post Office using the appropriate form. The first time a car is declared as exempt for MOT testing, a form V112 must be used.
Whether a vehicle is MOT-exempt or not, it remains the owner’s legal responsibility to keep the car roadworthy, and those who do not risk fines and points on their license, not to mention a risk to their safety and those of other road users. Owners may voluntarily put their car through an MOT even if exempt.
Vehicles other than cars
At the moment, the May 2018 exemption for VHI does not apply to motorcycles. Guidance on bikes will be issued separately in the future. Historic lorries, coaches, kit cars and similar are not exempt from the MOT check.
The other main change to the test is the inclusion of new categories of problems identified. These are:
• Dangerous. Don’t drive.
• Major. Repair immediately.
• Minor. Repair as soon as possible.
• Advisory. Monitor and repair if necessary
• Pass. No problem identified.
Hagerty has to look at this issue as both enthusiasts and professional insurance providers. As the former, we want to keep as many safe, older vehicles on the road as possible. As the latter, the legal requirement to maintain the car to a roadworthy standard would probably be investigated by the underwriter should a significant claim be made. An easy, cheap and objective way to prove this is with an MOT test. Therefore, while we will not require exempt classic vehicles to have an MOT, we believe it is a good idea for owners to have their VHIs MOT tested on a regular basis and recommend an annual service by a reputable garage for peace of mind.
A PDF of the detailed changes for historic vehicles is provided by the DVLA here.